ROME — Pope Francis has cleared the way for slain Salvadoran Archbishop Oscar Romero to be made a saint, declaring that a churchman who stood up for the poorest of the poor in the face of right-wing oppression should be a model for Catholics today.
The Vatican announced Wednesday, the previous day, during a meeting with the head of the Vatican’s saint-making office, Francis had approved a decree confirming a miracle attributed to Romero’s intercession. Also approved was the miracle attributed to Pope Paul VI, paving the way for his canonization as well.
No date has been set for either ceremony, which Francis would be expected to celebrate.
Romero was gunned down by right-wing death squads on March 24, 1980, as he celebrated Mass in a hospital chapel. The country’s military dictatorship had vehemently opposed his preaching against the repression of the poor by the army at the start of the country’s 1980-1992 civil war.
Francis declared Romero a martyr in 2015.
The case had been held up for years by the Vatican, primarily due to opposition from conservative Latin American churchmen who feared Romero’s perceived association with liberation theology would embolden the movement that holds that Jesus’ teachings require followers to fight for social and economic justice.
It was also delayed over related questions about whether Romero was killed out of hatred for his faith or his politics. If killed for his politics, it was argued, he couldn’t be declared a martyr of the faith.
In the end, Francis decreed in 2015 that Romero was killed as a martyr out of hatred for the faith — or “in odium fidei.”
He was beatified in San Salvador on May 24, 2015, before a quarter-million jubilant Salvadorans, and held up as a model of peace and forgiveness for Francis’s home continent.
Details of the miracle that paved the way for his canonization weren’t revealed, but rumors have circulated for more than a year that a possible miracle was being studied.
When Francis declared Romero a martyr, officials said the decree had confirmed the acceptance of a new understanding that martyrs can be killed, even by churchgoing Catholics, out of hatred for their Gospel-inspired work in favor of the poor and disenfranchised.