WASHINGTON — Interfaith Worker Justice announced Dec. 31 that it was shutting down at the end of that day.

The announcement came from Kim Bobo, who founded the organization in 1996.

“It’s sad,” Bobo told Catholic News Service in a Jan. 4 telephone interview.

Interfaith Worker Justice’s archives and resources will be transferred to the Interreligious Network for Worker Solidarity, a project of Georgetown University’s Kalmanovitz Initiative for Labor and the Working Poor, buttressed by a $100,000 contribution from Interfaith Worker Justice’s reserves.

Joe McCartin, Kalmanovitz Initiative director, said the Interreligious Network for Worker Solidarity — which has adopted the acronym IN4WS — sees itself after a series of online meetings involving up to 80 participants “as following the tradition of IWJ and updating that tradition for the challenges of the current time.”

Interfaith Worker Justice was “founded at a particular time and responded the challenges of that time — John Sweeney’s election as president of the AFL-CIO” in 1995, said McCartin, who had been on group’s board for 10 years, “and called for an organization like IWJ. I think Kim’s departure from IWJ was difficult for the organization because she’s such a charismatic leader.”

Interfaith Worker Justice can list several accomplishments in its 25 years.

Perhaps most important among them was putting the term “wage theft” in the American lexicon. Bobo wrote “Wage Theft in America” in 2008, and it set off an outpouring of complaints from other workers who had also been shortchanged by their bosses.

“We got literally thousands of people of faith realizing this is a huge problem in the country,” Bobo said, “standing with worker centers both in terms of direct-action stuff but also in passing laws across the country to strengthen enforcement.”

Also, “we engaged thousand thousands of people of faith and their denominations in making worker justice part of the social justice scene,” Bobo said. “I thought, ‘If I can make worker justice part of the social justice fabric of the faith community, then I’ll have done my job.’ That happened. We got people — people in faith communities — and seminaries teaching this stuff.”

That led, she added, to another achievement: “some really good relationships between unions and faith communities. There are a lot of these local religion-labor coalitions — some predate Interfaith Worker Justice — but there is a grass-roots network that didn’t exist prior.”

Interfaith Worker Justice also built a network of worker centers in cities throughout the United States. The other $200,000 of its reserves will be distributed to some of the individual worker centers and to the network that was formed on their behalf. McCartin, in a Jan. 4 phone interview with CNS, said IN4WS “isn’t going to try to do the work that worker centers are trying to do.”

Bobo outlined issues that led to Interfaith Worker Justice’s demise.

“They went through four directors after me in two years,” she told CNS. “That was probably the biggest problem. Nonprofits are too fragile to go through four directors in two years. You can’t sustain that, right? In the process, they lost a lot of long-term staff.

“I think the number two problem was they ended up, frankly, getting some pretty cantankerous people on the board, and there kind of became a war between the worker center board members and the faith leader board members. It was a mess. I wasn’t there; that’s what I heard.” Bobo is now the director of the Virginia Interfaith Center for Public Policy, based in Richmond, the state capital.

“When you’ve got the staff a mess and the board a mess, it’s hard to move forward,” she said. “The religious folks on the board felt it was the best thing to do to close it down.”

In her Dec. 31 message, she acknowledged the help of “giants” who encouraged her, among them two of the U.S. church’s foremost “labor priests,” Msgr. George Higgins and Msgr. John Egan.

Formed in fall 2020, the Interreligious Network for Worker Solidarity already counts two Catholic organizations in its membership: the Catholic Labor Network and the Association of U.S. Catholic Priests.

Bobo’s New Year’s Eve message said, “Organizations and structures may come and go. The work of justice continues.”

In a 2009 address at the Catholic Labor Network’s annual meeting, shortly after “Wage Theft in America” had been published, Bobo recalled one time when she was eating at one of her favorite restaurants in her native Chicago and realized she did not have enough cash to pay the bill. When she showed the server a credit card and asked, “If I put this (tip) on the bill, will you get it?” The server replied “No.”

“I had the same experience a week ago at a restaurant at the holidays,” Bobo told CNS Jan. 4. “This one said no, it’d be better if you gave it in cash.”