MINNEAPOLIS — Auxiliary Bishop Andrew H. Cozzens of St. Paul and Minneapolis said the Catholic Church “desperately needs an independent structure, led by experienced lay personnel, to investigate and review allegations made against bishops, archbishops and cardinals” in an Aug. 31 statement.

“I am acutely aware of this, because I was personally involved, along with (now-retired Auxiliary) Bishop Lee Piche, in guiding the investigation of Archbishop John Nienstedt in 2014,” he said. “In retrospect, it was doomed to fail.”

In January 2014, Nienstedt, then the leader of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, charged his subordinates with investigating allegations of sexual misconduct that had been made against him. The investigation — and especially, how it ended — has received renewed international interest after retired U.S. nuncio Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano denied Aug. 26 that he had instructed Piche and Cozzens to end it.

Speaking of the investigation’s weakness from its start, Cozzens said: “We did not have enough objectivity or experience with such investigations. Nor did we have authority to act. Throughout our efforts, we did not know where we could turn for assistance, because there was no meaningful structure to address allegations against bishops.”

When the probe yielded “affidavits containing serious allegations of misconduct by Archbishop Nienstedt with adults,” Cozzens said he and Piche “tried our best to bring them to the attention of people who might have the authority to act and guide the investigation.”

That included an April 12, 2014, meeting in Washington with Vigano, then the Vatican nuncio to the United States, serving as a liaison between the Vatican and U.S. bishops.

“When Bishop Piche and I believed that we were being told by the nuncio to close the investigation, we strenuously objected. When the nuncio clarified that we should focus the investigation and complete it, we did so,” he said.

“Although there were internal disagreements about how to complete it, Bishop Piche thought it best to hire a second firm to complete the review, because Archbishop Nienstedt contended the first firm had been unfair to him. Father Daniel Griffith (then the archdiocese’s safe environment delegate) strongly disagreed with that decision. During this long period, on more than one occasion, I counseled Archbishop Nienstedt to resign for the good of the archdiocese.”

Cozzens added, “Throughout this process, there was confusion about who was ultimately in charge and what should be done to ensure a fair outcome. I think that Bishop Piche believes that the investigation was completed to the best of his ability. I understand the strong frustrations expressed by Father Griffith, whom I believe acted in good faith and with sincerity and integrity. We all did the best we could in a difficult situation.”

Vigano’s role in the investigation was recently called into question after he issued an 11-page letter Aug. 25 accusing high-level Church officials, including Pope Francis, of turning a blind eye to former Cardinal Theodore E. McCarrick’s sexual misconduct. Critics accused Vigano of raising questions about certain Vatican officials, but overlooking his own role in ending the Nienstedt investigation.

In a separate statement Aug. 26, Vigano called allegations he had ended the Nienstedt investigation “false” and denied asking Piche to destroy a letter that indicated he had.

Both allegations originated from a memo Griffith, a law professor and pastor, wrote to Piche in July 2014. It was made public in July 2016 as part of a separate investigation by law enforcement.

At the time he wrote the memo, Griffith was the archdiocese’s delegate for safe environment and had served as the liaison between the archdiocese and the lawyers hired to conduct the investigation.

Griffith told The Catholic Spirit, newspaper of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis, in an Aug. 28 statement that he stands by his 2014 memo. “I welcome a thorough accounting of the matter,” he said.

The entire situation illustrates the need for a new structure in the church for investigating bishops, Cozzens said in his Aug. 31 statement.

“As a practical matter, bishop-led investigations have mixed credibility in the public domain: Some inevitably believe the accused bishop is being treated unfairly, others believe he is receiving preferential treatment. A fair resolution becomes unachievable. The accuser deserves better. We all deserve better,” he said.

To address the types of challenges encountered in the investigation of Nienstedt, the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis has subsequently created protocols to address a similar situation, Cozzens said.

“When there is an allegation against a bishop or archbishop in our archdiocese, it is reported to the board of directors, laypeople. They play a vital role in making certain that all allegations are investigated and addressed,” he said.

“I believe that a similar approach utilizing lay expertise is necessary on the national level,” Cozzens continued. “An independent national review board would result in a more fair process for holding the hierarchy accountable. In this way, there will be more confidence in our Church leaders in the future.”

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Wiering is editor of The Catholic Spirit, newspaper of the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis.