- May 25, 2020
There is an international arms race to militarize cyberspace, but Catholic theologians say Just War theory still applies in the cyber battles of the future.
On Nov. 11, many Canadian churches will ring their bells 100 times to mark the 100th anniversary of the end of the war.
Bishop Robert McElroy says gun control is a social justice issue of interest to the US Catholic bishops, and criticized the gun lobby for its “organized opposition to gun control, taking the position that any limitation against guns is a limitation on the core rights of individuals.” He also said American military action cannot have any positive role in resolving the current crisis around North Korea.
In the Catechism of the Catholic Church, there are four conditions for a war to be just, all of which must be met: The damage inflicted by the aggressor on the nation or community of nations must be lasting, grave and certain; all other means of putting an end to it must have been shown to be impractical or ineffective; there must be serious prospects of success; and the use of arms must not produce evils and disorders greater than the evil to be eliminated.
Just war theory, rooted in the fifth-century writings of St. Augustine of Hippo, takes a middle ground between pacifism, which never allows for violence, and realpolitik, which is suspect of moral considerations in defense and warfare. Just war theory can be adapted to address technological innovation, but cyberattacks present unique questions to their victims, who often can’t figure out the perpetrators.