ROME — Pope Francis wished a happy 90th birthday to the “father of liberation theology” and thanked him for his contributions to the Catholic Church and his love for the poor.

As Dominican Father Gustavo Gutierrez prepared to celebrate his birthday June 8, Pope Francis assured him of his “prayers in this significant moment in your life.”

“Thank you for your efforts and for your way of challenging everyone’s conscience, so that no one remains indifferent to the tragedy of poverty and exclusion,” the pope wrote.

Gutierrez, a Peruvian, is one of the principal founders of liberation theology, which rose to prominence in South America in the 1960s and 1970s as a way of responding to the needs of Latin America’s poor and as a call for freedom from unjust social structures.

In the 1990s, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, then led by the future Pope Benedict XVI, expressed concerns about some currents of liberation theology, which he said were politicized and relied on Marxist ideas and analyses. Nevertheless, he praised liberation theology’s zeal for social justice and the poor.

Pope Francis has followed his predecessor’s line, disagreeing with the movement’s politicization while sympathizing with its concern for the poor.

In the birthday letter, the pope thanked Father Gutierrez for his contributions “to the Church and humanity through your theological service and your preferential love for the poor and discarded of society.”

“I encourage you to continue with your prayer and service to others, giving witness to the joy of the Gospel,” he wrote.